Five Types of Fires and How to Extinguish Them

Different types of fire mean different methods of putting out the flame. If a fire breaks out in your home or business, your reaction is crucial. Knowing the difference between different classes and how to extinguish them is vital.

The Franchise Professionals at SERVPRO of Cape May & Cumberland Counties help us break down the different types of fire and how you should react.

How to Handle Different Types of Fire

Class A Fires

Class A fires are often the most common and involve a solid combustible such as wood, cloth, paper, trash, or plastic. These fires can be caused by common scenarios such as a candle igniting a curtain or a rogue spark leaping from the fireplace. Class A fires are the easiest to extinguish and water or a foam extinguisher will do the job.

Class B Fires

Class B fires involve flammable liquids like gasoline, oil, alcohol, paint, or propane, but do not include fires involving cooking oils or grease. Water is an ineffective and potentially dangerous mistake to make when extinguishing Class B fires, says SERVPRO of Cape May & Cumberland Counties. Water can spread flaming materials instead of put them out. Use powder, foam, or carbon dioxide extinguisher.

Class C Fires

Class C fires are, essentially, electrical fires. They can be caused by old or faulty wiring, electrical arcing, frayed cords, or defective appliances. Electrical fires are common both residentially and industrially. These fires can lead to Class A fires when solid combustible materials ignite. Extinguish Class C fires using a powder or carbon dioxide extinguisher.

Class D Fires

Though they are rare, Class D fires happen when metal ignites from very high levels of heat. According to SERVPRO of Cape May & Cumberland Counties, Class D fires are most common in industrial settings, so you’re not likely to encounter this blaze in your home or business. However, these dry powder extinguishers are used to put out the flames.

Class K Fires

Class K fires involve cooking oils or animal fats, and can be caused by spills or by leaving pots or pans unattended on the stove for too long. Like Class B fires, Class K requires a different method to put out the flames. It’s tempting to use water, however, these types of fire should be put out with what’s known as a wet chemical extinguisher.

There are many types of fire that can spark at any time. Knowing how they differ and how to handle each class can mean all the difference in saving your home or business from disaster.

Has your home or business been affected by fire? The Franchise Professionals at SERVPRO of Cape May & Cumberland Counties specialize in fire damage repair and restoration. Contact them today to learn how they can restore your home or business: 609-624-0202.

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